Relation of Admission Blood Pressure to In-hospital and 90-Day Outcomes in Patients Presenting With Transient Ischemic Attack.
The association between admission blood pressure (BP) and outcomes in patients with transient ischemic attack (TIA) is not well defined. Patients in the United States national Get With The Guidelines-Stroke registry with a TIA were included. Admission systolic and diastolic BP was used to compute mean arterial pressure and pulse pressure (PP). A subset of this cohort was linked to Centers for Medicare and Medicaid claims data for postdischarge outcomes. The in-hospital outcomes of interest were: mortality, not discharged home, and inability to ambulate independently at discharge. Postdischarge, 30-day and 90-day outcomes of interest were mortality, readmission for stroke, and readmission for major cardiovascular event-composite of death, cerebrovascular, or cardiovascular readmission. Among the 218,803 patients with TIA, lower admission systolic blood pressure (SBP) was associated with worse in-hospital outcomes. Compared with patients with SBP of 150 mm Hg, a lower SBP of 120 mm Hg was associated with higher risk of in-hospital death (adjusted OR = 1.79; 95% CI = 1.50 to 2.12), not being discharged home (adjusted OR = 1.31; 95% CI = 1.27 to 1.36), or inability to ambulate independently at discharge (adjusted OR = 1.27; 95% CI = 1.23 to 1.31). Similarly, among the 64,352 patients in the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid-linked cohort, an inverse association between systolic BP and postdischarge mortality (p <0.0001), and major cardiovascular event (p = 0.0001) was observed at 30-days and at 90-days postdischarge. However, there was no relation between SBP and readmission for stroke either at 30-days (p = 0.35) or at 90-days (p = 0.11). Results were largely similar for diastolic BP, mean arterial pressure, PP, and outcomes. In conclusion, in patients with a transient ischemic attack, a BP paradox was observed, with higher admission BP associated with improved in-hospital, 30-day, and 90-day postdischarge outcomes.
Bangalore, S; Schwamm, LH; Smith, EE; Hellkamp, AS; Xian, Y; Schulte, PJ; Saver, JL; Fonarow, GC; Bhatt, DL; Get With The Guidelines-Stroke Steering Committee and Investigators,
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