Cardiac allograft vasculopathy after heart transplantation: current prevention and treatment strategies.

Published

Journal Article

OBJECTIVE:Cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) is a leading cause of mortality in heart transplantation patients. Despite optimal immunosuppression therapy, the rate of CAV post-transplantation remains high. In this review, we gathered all recent studies as well as experimental evidence focusing on the prevention and treatment strategies regarding CAV after heart transplantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS:A complete literature survey was performed using the PubMed database search to gather available information regarding prevention and treatment strategies of CAV after heart transplantation. RESULTS:Several non-immune and immune factors have been linked to CAV such as ischemic reperfusion injury, metabolic disorders, cytomegalovirus infection, coronary endothelial dysfunction, injury and inflammation respectively. Serial coronary angiography combined with intravascular ultrasound is currently the method of choice for detecting early disease. Biomarkers and noninvasive imaging can also assist in the early identification of CAV. Treatment strategies such as mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors proceed to grow, but prevention remains the objective. CONCLUSIONS:Early detection is the key to therapy management. It enables early identification and diagnosis of patients with CAV, who would gain the most from prompt treatment. Further investigation is needed to elucidate the multifactorial pathophysiological process of CAV, develop detection methods and find treatments that prevent or slow disease progression.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Spartalis, M; Spartalis, E; Tzatzaki, E; Tsilimigras, DI; Moris, D; Kontogiannis, C; Iliopoulos, DC; Voudris, V; Siasos, G

Published Date

  • January 2019

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 23 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 303 - 311

PubMed ID

  • 30657571

Pubmed Central ID

  • 30657571

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2284-0729

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1128-3602

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.26355/eurrev_201901_16777

Language

  • eng