CCP1 promotes mitochondrial fusion and motility to prevent Purkinje cell neuron loss in pcd mice.

Published

Journal Article

A perplexing question in neurodegeneration is why different neurons degenerate. The Purkinje cell degeneration (pcd) mouse displays a dramatic phenotype of degeneration of cerebellar Purkinje cells. Loss of CCP1/Nna1 deglutamylation of tubulin accounts for pcd neurodegeneration, but the mechanism is unknown. In this study, we modulated the dosage of fission and fusion genes in a Drosophila melanogaster loss-of-function model and found that mitochondrial fragmentation and disease phenotypes were rescued by reduced Drp1. We observed mitochondrial fragmentation in CCP1 null cells and in neurons from pcd mice, and we documented reduced mitochondrial fusion in cells lacking CCP1. We examined the effect of tubulin hyperglutamylation on microtubule-mediated mitochondrial motility in pcd neurons and noted markedly reduced retrograde axonal transport. Mitochondrial stress promoted Parkin-dependent turnover of CCP1, and CCP1 and Parkin physically interacted. Our results indicate that CCP1 regulates mitochondrial motility through deglutamylation of tubulin and that loss of CCP1-mediated mitochondrial fusion accounts for the exquisite vulnerability of Purkinje neurons in pcd mice.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Gilmore-Hall, S; Kuo, J; Ward, JM; Zahra, R; Morrison, RS; Perkins, G; La Spada, AR

Published Date

  • January 2019

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 218 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 206 - 219

PubMed ID

  • 30337352

Pubmed Central ID

  • 30337352

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1540-8140

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0021-9525

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1083/jcb.201709028

Language

  • eng