DHX15 is up-regulated in castration-resistant prostate cancer and required for androgen receptor sensitivity to low DHT concentrations.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: DHX15 is a member of the DEAH-box (DHX) RNA helicase family. Our previous study identified it as an AR coactivator which contributes to prostate cancer progression. METHODS: We investigated DHX15 expression in castration resistant prostate cancer specimens and the influence of DHX15 on the responsiveness of prostate cancer cells to DHT stimulation. We also explored the role DHX15 played in enzalutamide resistance and the interacting domain in DHX15 with AR. DHX15 expression level in human CRPC specimens and prostate cancer specimens was detected by tissue microarray (TMA) immunostaining analysis. Colony formation assay was performed to determine the proliferation of cells treated with enzalutamide or DHT. siRNAs were used to knockdown DHX15. The interactions between DHX15 and AR were detected using co-immunoprecipitation assay. RESULTS: The expression level of DHX15 was upregulated in human CRPC specimens compared with hormone naïve prostate cancer specimens. DHX15 knockdown reduced AR sensitivity to low DHT concentrations in C4-2 cells. Inactivation of DHX15 sensitizes the enzalutamide treatment in C4-2 cells. Deletion mutagenesis indicated that DHX1 5 interacts with AR through its N terminal domain. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that DHX15 contributes to prostate cancer progression. DHX15 is required for androgen receptor sensitivity to low DHT concentrations and contributes to enzalutamide resistance in C4-2 cells. Targeting DHX15 may improve the ADT treatment.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Xu, Y; Song, Q; Pascal, LE; Zhong, M; Zhou, Y; Zhou, J; Deng, F-M; Huang, J; Wang, Z

Published Date

  • May 2019

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 79 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 657 - 666

PubMed ID

  • 30714180

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC6823643

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1097-0045

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/pros.23773


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States