Parenteral administration of oral medications in lung transplant recipients: An underrecognized problem.
Microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) is an insoluble material commonly used as a binder and filler in oral medications. Identification of pulmonary intravascular deposition of MCC in transbronchial biopsies from lung transplant (LT) recipients following parenteral injection of oral medications has only been reported once. A search of our surgical pathology electronic database was performed from January 1, 2000 to November 1, 2017 using the text "transplant transbronchial." The diagnosis field for all cases retrieved was then searched for the text "cellulose." These cases were queried for patient demographics and outcomes. Between January 1, 2000 and November 1, 2017, 1558 lung transplants were performed in 1476 individual patients at our institution; 12 were identified to have MCC in their lung tissue. Patients with MCC identified on biopsies were more likely to be transplanted for cystic fibrosis versus other indications and younger versus older. MCC identified in 2 of our cases was favored to be donor derived. Of the 12 patients, 6 (50%) are deceased. MCC within the pulmonary vasculature may be an indicator of increased complications, mortality, or shortened survival in LT recipients. Detecting intravascular MCC and distinguishing it from aspirated foreign material can be challenging. Awareness of the differential diagnosis for pulmonary foreign material is of paramount importance for the pathologist.
Carney, JM; Gray, AL; Howell, DN; Pavlisko, EN
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