Multidisciplinary Approach to Clostridium difficile Infection in Adult Surgical Patients.
BACKGROUND: In 2017, our hospital was identified as a high outlier for postoperative Clostridium difficile infections (CDIs) in the American College of Surgeons NSQIP semi-annual report. The Department of Surgery initiated a CDI task force with representation from Surgery, Infectious Disease, Pharmacy, and Performance Services to analyze available data, identify opportunities for improvement, and implement strategies to reduce CDIs. STUDY DESIGN: Strategies to reduce CDIs were reviewed from the literature and the following multidisciplinary strategies were initiated: antimicrobial stewardship optimization of perioperative order sets to avoid cefoxitin and fluoroquinolone use was completed; penicillin allergy assessment and skin testing were implemented concomitantly; increased use of ultraviolet disinfectant strategies for terminal cleaning of CDI patient rooms; increased hand hygiene and personal protection equipment signage, as well as monitoring in high-risk CDI areas; improved diagnostic stewardship by an electronic best practice advisory to reduce inappropriate CDI testing; education through surgical grand rounds; and routine data feedback via NSQIP and National Healthcare Safety Network CDI reports. RESULTS: The observed rate of CDIs decreased from 1.27% in 2016 to 0.91% in 2017. Cefoxitin and fluoroquinolone use decreased. Clostridium difficile infection testing for patients on laxatives decreased. Terminal cleaning with ultraviolet light increased. Handwashing compliance increased. Data feedback to stakeholders was established. CONCLUSIONS: Our multidisciplinary CDI reduction program has demonstrated significant reductions in CDIs. It is effective, straightforward to implement and monitor, and can be generalized to high-outlier institutions.
Turner, MC; Behrens, SL; Webster, W; Huslage, K; Smith, BA; Wrenn, R; Woody, R; Mantyh, CR
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