Atezolizumab (atezo) plus platinum-based chemotherapy (chemo) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC): Update from a phase Ib study.
9092 Background: Platinum-based chemo is a standard first-line (1L) therapy for NSCLC lacking actionable gene alterations. Preclinical evidence suggests that chemo can play an immunomodulatory role and induce tumor antigen release, supporting combining chemo with immunotherapy. Atezo is a humanized and Fc-region-modified monoclonal anti-programmed death-ligand-1 (PD-L1) antibody that blocks interaction with PD1 or B7.1. The GP28328 study (NCT01633970) assessed safety and efficacy of atezo plus 1L chemo regimens in multiple tumor types. Methods: In this multicenter, multi-arm study, patients (pts) with locally advanced or metastatic NSCLC with no prior chemo for advanced disease received 15 mg/kg atezo IV q3w with standard doses of chemo (Arm C: carboplatin [carbo]+paclitaxel q3w; Arm D: carbo+pemetrexed q3w; Arm E: carbo+nab-paclitaxel qw) all for ≤6 cycles followed by atezo maintenance until loss of clinical benefit (+ pemetrexed maintenance until progression, Arm D). The primary endpoint was safety; secondary endpoints were overall response rate (ORR), PFS, and OS. Results: By the 30 Aug 2016 cut-off, 76 NSCLC pts were evaluable (n = 25, 25, 26 for Arms C, D, E, respectively). At this cut-off, the most common treatment-related grade 3–4 adverse events (AEs) were neutropenia (36% C, 36% D, 42% E) and anemia (16% C, 16% D, 31% E). Three potentially related grade 5 AEs were seen (arm C: pneumonia; arm D: systemic candida; arm E: autoimmune hepatitis). Confirmed ORRs were 36%, 64%, 46% for Arms C, D (1 CR), and E (4 CR). Median PFS (95% CI) was 7.1 months (4.2–8.3) for C, 8.4 months (4.7–11) for D, and 5.7 months (4.4–14.8) for E. Median OS (95% CI) was 12.9 months (8.8–not evaluable) for C, 19.3 months (14.7–27.4) for D, and 14.8 months (12.7–not evaluable) for E. Conclusions: Atezo was well tolerated when combined with various chemo regimens for advanced NSCLC. Clinical activity in terms of ORR was favorable supporting potential synergy between atezo and chemo. PFS and OS data show promising benefits, but are limited by small numbers and wide confidence intervals. Phase III studies that include chemotherapy and atezolizumab are currently ongoing. Clinical trial information: NCT01633970.
Liu, SV; Camidge, DR; Gettinger, SN; Giaccone, G; Heist, RS; Hodi, FS; Ready, NE; Zhang, W; Wallin, J; Funke, R; Waterkamp, D; Foster, P; Iizuka, K; Powderly, JD
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