Progress and perspectives in pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Review)

Acute respiratory distress syndrome is a disease of acute onset characterized by hypoxemia and infiltrates on chest radiographs that affects both adults and children of all ages. It is an important cause of respiratory failure in pediatric intensive care units and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Nevertheless, until recently, the definitions and diagnostic criteria for acute respiratory distress syndrome have focused on the adult population. In this article, we review the evolution of the definition of acute respiratory distress syndrome over nearly five decades, with a special focus on the new pediatric definition. We also discuss recommendations for the implementation of mechanical ventilation strategies in the treatment of acute respiratory distress syndrome in children and the use of adjuvant therapies.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Rotta, AT; Piva, JP; Andreolio, C; de Carvalho, WB; Garcia, PCR

Published Date

  • July 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 27 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 266 - 273

PubMed ID

  • 26331971

Pubmed Central ID

  • 26331971

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1982-4335

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.5935/0103-507X.20150035


  • eng por

Conference Location

  • Brazil