Mechanical ventilation following cardiac surgery in children


Journal Article (Review)

The application of positive pressure mechanical ventilation can result in complex changes in pulmonary and cardiovascular physiology. These cardiopulmonary interactions are particularly important in pediatric patients undergoing surgery for repair or palliation of congenital cardiac defects. In this article, we review the various effects of mechanical ventilation on right and left ventricular preload, afterload and contractility. We also address specific clinical scenarios, such as mechanical ventilation of the uncomplicated patient following cardiac surgery, ventilation of patients with delayed sternal closure, the Norwood procedure, bidirectional and total cavopulmonary anastomoses and patients with right ventricular diastolic dysfunction. © 2012 Bentham Science Publishers.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Rotta, AT; de Carvalho, WB

Published Date

  • February 1, 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 8 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 44 - 52

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1875-6387

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1573-398X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.2174/157339812798868906

Citation Source

  • Scopus