Combining lung-protective strategies in experimental acute lung injury: The impact of high-frequency partial liquid ventilation.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the independent and combined effects of high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) and partial liquid ventilation (PLV) on gas exchange, pulmonary histopathology, inflammation, and oxidative tissue damage in an animal model of acute lung injury. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized animal study. SETTING: Research laboratory of a health sciences university. SUBJECTS: Fifty New Zealand White rabbits. INTERVENTIONS: Juvenile rabbits injured by lipopolysaccharide infusion and saline lung lavage were assigned to conventional ventilation (CMV), PLV, HFOV, or high-frequency partial liquid ventilation (HF-PLV) with a full or half dose (HF-PLV1/2) of perfluorochemical (PFC). Uninjured ventilated animals served as controls. Arterial blood gases were obtained every 30 mins during the 4-hr study. Histopathologic evaluation was performed using a lung injury scoring system. Oxidative lung injury was assessed by measuring malondialdehyde and 4-hydroxynonenal in lung homogenates. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: HFOV, PLV, or a combination of both methods (HF-PLV) resulted in significantly improved oxygenation, more favorable lung histopathology, reduced neutrophil infiltration, and attenuated oxidative damage compared with CMV. HF-PLV with a full PFC dose did not provide any additional benefit compared with HFOV alone. HF-PLV1/2 was associated with decreased pulmonary leukostasis compared with HF-PLV. CONCLUSIONS: The combination of HFOV and PLV (HF-PLV) does not provide any additional benefit compared with HFOV or PLV alone in a combined model of lung injury when lung recruitment and volume optimization can be achieved. The use of a lower PFC dose (HF-PLV1/2) is associated with decreased pulmonary leukostasis compared with HF-PLV and deserves further study.
Rotta, AT; Viana, MEG; Wiryawan, B; Sargentelli, GA; Dowhy, MS; Zin, WA; Fuhrman, BP
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