Construct validity of cognitive reserve in a multiethnic cohort: The Northern Manhattan Study.


Journal Article

Cognitive reserve is a hypothetical construct that has been used to inform models of cognitive aging and is presumed to be indicative of life experiences that may mitigate the effects of brain pathology. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the construct validity of cognitive reserve by examining both its convergent and its discriminant validity across three different samples of participants using structural equation modeling. The cognitive reserve variables were found to correlate highly with one another (thereby providing evidence of convergent validity), but demanding tests of discriminant validity indicated that, in two of the samples, the cognitive reserve construct was highly related to an executive functioning construct.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Siedlecki, KL; Stern, Y; Reuben, A; Sacco, RL; Elkind, MSV; Wright, CB

Published Date

  • July 2009

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 15 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 558 - 569

PubMed ID

  • 19573274

Pubmed Central ID

  • 19573274

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1469-7661

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1355-6177

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1017/S1355617709090857


  • eng