Outcomes of surgical treatment for hemangiomas.
OBJECTIVE: To quantify complications and rates of adverse events associated with surgical excision of hemangiomas in children using a national surgical database. DATA SOURCE: Pediatric American College of Surgeons (ACS) National Surgical Quality Improvement Program® (ACS NSQIP® -pediatric), years 2012-2016. METHODS: Subjects included children under 18 years with a postoperative diagnosis of International Classification of Diseases (ICD), 9th revision code: 228.00 and 228.01, or ICD 10 codes D18.00 and D18.01-hemangioma, any site and hemangioma, of skin and subcutaneous tissue. RESULTS: A total of 1180 patients were included. The median age was 3.2 years (interquartile range [IQR] 1.2 to 6.4 years old). No occurrences of deep incisional surgical site infection, nerve injury, mortality, sepsis, septic shock, or blood stream infections were noted. In multivariate analysis, age ≤ 3 years and advanced American Society of Anesthesiologists class were significant predictors of adverse events (P = 0.035 and 0.001, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: For children with infantile hemangioma who fail to respond or have an incomplete response to medical therapy, surgical resection may be a relatively safe treatment alternative. Children older than 3 years of age with hemangiomas had less surgical adverse events than younger children. Overall, however, the surgical complications rates were low and deemed relatively minor.
Cheng, J; Liu, B; Lee, H-J
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