A hospital-based treatment of suicide attempt patients with problematic alcohol use: Rationale and treatment development.
OBJECTIVE: Problematic alcohol use (PAU) is a potent risk factor for suicidal behavior yet individuals with PAU presenting to hospital with suicidal risk may receive less intensive hospital-based treatment than suicidal patients without PAU. Developing efficacious interventions for at-risk patients with PAU that may be delivered in hospital is critical, particularly for those hospitalized following a suicide attempt, a group at marked risk. METHOD: The authors identified the Attempted Suicide Short Intervention Program (ASSIP) for adaption for hospitalized suicide attempt patients with PAU because of its flexibility, brevity, and evidence of efficacy to reduce risk for suicide reattempt. After consulting with the developers of ASSIP, clinical research experts in the treatment of suicidal risk and PAU, and treatment providers of hospitalized suicide attempt patients, the authors made modifications to ASSIP to tailor it to hospitalized suicide attempt patients with PAU. Results and conclusion Our modifications to ASSIP include highlighting links between PAU and the timing of the attempt; integrating such links into the narrative story of the attempt, the written case formulation, and the homework task; and identifying concrete strategies to address PAU-related risk in the prevention plan. These modifications are the focus of an ongoing treatment development study.
Conner, KR; Wiegand, TJ; Goldston, DB
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