Role of vagal activation in postprandial glucose metabolism after gastric bypass in individuals with and without hypoglycaemia.
Patients who have undergone gastric bypass surgery (GB) have enhanced postprandial hyperinsulinaemia and a greater incretin effect is apparent. In the present study, we sought to determine the effect of vagal activation, a neural component of the enteroinsular axis, on postprandial glucose metabolism in patients with and without hypoglycaemia after GB. Seven patients with documented post-GB hypoglycaemia, seven asymptomatic patients without hypoglycaemia post-GB, and 10 weight-matched non-surgical controls with normal glucose tolerance were recruited. Blood glucose, and islet hormone and incretin secretion were compared during mixed meal tolerance tests (MMTs) with and without prior sham-feeding on two separate days. Sham feeding preceding the MMT caused a more rapid increase in prandial blood glucose levels but lowered overall glycaemia in all three groups (P < 0.05). Sham feeding had a similar effect to increase early (P < 0.05), but not overall, meal-induced insulin secretion in the three groups. Prandial glucagon concentrations were significantly greater in the GB groups, and sham feeding accentuated this response (P < 0.05). The effect of vagal activation on prandial glucose and islet-cell function is preserved in patients who have undergone GB, in those both with and without hypoglycaemia.
Salehi, M; Gastaldelli, A; D'Alessio, DA
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