Role of vagal activation in postprandial glucose metabolism after gastric bypass in individuals with and without hypoglycaemia.

Published

Journal Article

Patients who have undergone gastric bypass surgery (GB) have enhanced postprandial hyperinsulinaemia and a greater incretin effect is apparent. In the present study, we sought to determine the effect of vagal activation, a neural component of the enteroinsular axis, on postprandial glucose metabolism in patients with and without hypoglycaemia after GB. Seven patients with documented post-GB hypoglycaemia, seven asymptomatic patients without hypoglycaemia post-GB, and 10 weight-matched non-surgical controls with normal glucose tolerance were recruited. Blood glucose, and islet hormone and incretin secretion were compared during mixed meal tolerance tests (MMTs) with and without prior sham-feeding on two separate days. Sham feeding preceding the MMT caused a more rapid increase in prandial blood glucose levels but lowered overall glycaemia in all three groups (P < 0.05). Sham feeding had a similar effect to increase early (P < 0.05), but not overall, meal-induced insulin secretion in the three groups. Prandial glucagon concentrations were significantly greater in the GB groups, and sham feeding accentuated this response (P < 0.05). The effect of vagal activation on prandial glucose and islet-cell function is preserved in patients who have undergone GB, in those both with and without hypoglycaemia.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Salehi, M; Gastaldelli, A; D'Alessio, DA

Published Date

  • June 2019

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 21 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 1513 - 1517

PubMed ID

  • 30785669

Pubmed Central ID

  • 30785669

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1463-1326

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/dom.13676

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • England