The importance of using 24-hour and nighttime blood pressure for the identification of white coat hypertension: Data from the Jackson Heart Study
©2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. We calculated the prevalence of white coat hypertension (WCH) using out-of-clinic blood pressure (BP) in the daytime period; daytime and 24-hour periods; and daytime, 24-hour, and nighttime periods among 199 African Americans with clinic-measured systolic/diastolic BP ≥140/90 mm Hg in the Jackson Heart Study. Left ventricular mass index (LVMI) was measured among participants with WCH and 374 participants with sustained normotension (ie, non-hypertensive clinic, daytime, 24-hour, and nighttime BP). The prevalence of WCH was 29.6%, 21.1%, and 10.6% using daytime BP; daytime and 24-hour BP; and daytime, 24-hour, and nighttime BP, respectively. Compared with sustained normotension, LVMI was higher when WCH was defined using daytime BP (adjusted mean difference [95% CI] 5.0 [−0.2, 10.1] g/m2), but not when defined using daytime and 24-hour BP or daytime, 24-hour, and nighttime BP (adjusted mean difference [95% CI] 3.9 [−1.9, 9.7] and 0.4 [−7.3,8.2] g/m2, respectively). Using only daytime BP overestimates the prevalence of WCH among African Americans.
Anstey, DE; Colantonio, LD; Yano, Y; Booth, JN; Muntner, P
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