Efficacy of the pharmacologic chaperone migalastat in a subset of male patients with the classic phenotype of Fabry disease and migalastat-amenable variants: data from the phase 3 randomized, multicenter, double-blind clinical trial and extension study.
PURPOSE: Outcomes in patients with Fabry disease receiving migalastat during the phase 3 FACETS trial (NCT00925301) were evaluated by phenotype. METHODS: Data were evaluated in two subgroups of patients with migalastat-amenable GLA variants: "classic phenotype" (n = 14; males with residual peripheral blood mononuclear cell α-galactosidase A <3% normal and multiorgan system involvement) and "other patients" (n = 36; males not meeting classic phenotype criteria and all females). Endpoints included estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), left ventricular mass index (LVMi), Gastrointestinal Symptoms Rating Scale diarrhea subscale (GSRS-D), renal peritubular capillary (PTC) globotriaosylceramide (GL-3) inclusions, and plasma globotriaosylsphingosine (lyso-Gb3). RESULTS: Baseline measures in the classic phenotype patients suggested a more severe phenotype. At month 24, mean (SD) annualized change in eGFRCKD-EPI with migalastat was -0.3 (3.76) mL/min/1.73 m2 in the classic phenotype subgroup; changes in LVMi, GSRS-D, and lyso-Gb3 were -16.7 (18.64) g/m2, -0.9 (1.66), and -36.8 (35.78) nmol/L, respectively. At month 6, mean PTC GL-3 inclusions decreased with migalastat (-0.8) and increased with placebo (0.3); switching from placebo to migalastat, PTC inclusions decreased by -0.7. Numerically smaller changes in these endpoints were observed in the other patients. CONCLUSION: Migalastat provided clinical benefit to patients with Fabry disease and amenable variants, regardless of disease severity.
Germain, DP; Nicholls, K; Giugliani, R; Bichet, DG; Hughes, DA; Barisoni, LM; Colvin, RB; Jennette, JC; Skuban, N; Castelli, JP; Benjamin, E; Barth, JA; Viereck, C
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