The Social Amoeba Dictyostelium discoideum Is Highly Resistant to Polyglutamine Aggregation.

Published

Journal Article

The expression, misfolding, and aggregation of long repetitive amino acid tracts are a major contributing factor in a number of neurodegenerative diseases, including C9ORF72 amyotrophic lateral sclerosis/frontotemporal dementia, fragile X tremor ataxia syndrome, myotonic dystrophy type 1, spinocerebellar ataxia type 8, and the nine polyglutamine diseases. Protein aggregation is a hallmark of each of these diseases. In model organisms, including yeast, worms, flies, mice, rats, and human cells, expression of proteins with the long repetitive amino acid tracts associated with these diseases recapitulates the protein aggregation that occurs in human disease. Here we show that the model organism Dictyostelium discoideum has evolved to normally encode long polyglutamine tracts and express these proteins in a soluble form. We also show that Dictyostelium has the capacity to suppress aggregation of a polyglutamine-expanded Huntingtin construct that aggregates in other model organisms tested. Together, these data identify Dictyostelium as a novel model organism with the capacity to suppress aggregation of proteins with long polyglutamine tracts.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Santarriaga, S; Petersen, A; Ndukwe, K; Brandt, A; Gerges, N; Bruns Scaglione, J; Scaglione, KM

Published Date

  • October 16, 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 290 / 42

Start / End Page

  • 25571 - 25578

PubMed ID

  • 26330554

Pubmed Central ID

  • 26330554

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1083-351X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1074/jbc.M115.676247

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States