The loop-less tm Cdc34 E2 mutant defective in polyubiquitination in vitro and in vivo supports yeast growth in a manner dependent on Ubp14 and Cka2

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Background: The S73/S97/loop motif is a hallmark of the Cdc34 family of E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes that together with the SCF E3 ubiquitin ligases promote degradation of proteins involved in cell cycle and growth regulation. The inability of the loop-less Cdc34 mutant to support growth was linked to its inability to catalyze polyubiquitination. However, the loop-less triple mutant (tm) Cdc34, which not only lacks the loop but also contains the S73K and S97D substitutions typical of the K73/D97/no loop motif present in other E2s, supports growth. Whether Cdc34 supports growth despite defective polyubiquitination, or the S73K and S97D substitutions, directly or indirectly, correct the defect caused by the loop absence, are unknown.Results: Cdc34 supports yeast viability with normal cell size and cell cycle profile despite producing fewer polyubiquitin conjugates in vivo and in vitro. The in vitro defect in Sic1 substrate polyubiquitination is similar to the defect observed in reactions with Cdc34 that cannot support growth. The synthesis of free polyubiquitin by Cdc34 is activated only modestly and in a manner dependent on substrate recruitment to SCF . Phosphorylation of C-terminal serines in Cdc34 by Cka2 kinase prevents the synthesis of free polyubiquitin chains, likely by promoting their attachment to substrate. Nevertheless, CDC34 yeast are sensitive to loss of the Ubp14 C-terminal ubiquitin hydrolase and DUBs other than Ubp14 inefficiently disassemble polyubiquitin chains produced in CDC34 yeast extracts, suggesting that the free chains, either synthesized de novo or recycled from substrates, have an altered structure.Conclusions: The catalytic motif replacement compromises polyubiquitination activity of Cdc34 and alters its regulation in vitro and in vivo, but either motif can support Cdc34 function in yeast viability. Robust polyubiquitination mediated by the S73/S97/loop motif is thus not necessary for Cdc34 role in yeast viability, at least under typical laboratory conditions. © 2011 Lass et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Δ12 tm tm Δ12 tm Cdc4 tm tm tm

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Lass, A; Cocklin, R; Scaglione, KM; Skowyra, M; Korolev, S; Goebl, M; Skowyra, D

Published Date

  • March 31, 2011

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 6 /

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1747-1028

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1186/1747-1028-6-7

Citation Source

  • Scopus