Outcomes of modified 2-incision technique with use of indomethicin in treatment of distal biceps tendon rupture.
Multiple surgical techniques for distal biceps tendon ruptures exist. Heterotopic ossification is an associated omplication of the 2-incision technique. The purpose of this study was to review the results of distal biceps tendon repairs via the modified 2-incision technique using indomethacin chemoprophylaxis. A retrospective review of 34 2-incision repairs of the distal biceps tendon was performed. All patients received 6 weeks of indomethacin treatment postoperatively to prophylax against heterotopic ossification. Outcome measures included disabilities of the arm, shoulder, and hand (DASH) scoring, incidence of heterotopic ossification, and forearm range of motion. Of the 34 elbows, 2 had minor complications that resolved within 6 weeks of presentation. The average DASH score at final follow-up was 3.8. No cases of heterotopic ossification, nerve palsies, reruptures, or radioulnar synostoses were observed. At final follow-up, no significant difference was noted in range of motion between the injured and uninjured extremity in all planes. The Morrey modification of the 2-incision technique can be safe and provide full functional recovery in patients with ruptured distal biceps tendons when performed in conjunction with indomethacin prophylaxis.
Anakwenze, OA; Kancherla, VK; Warrender, W; Abboud, JA
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