Modeling and forecasting of Brazilian reservoir inflows via dynamic linear models
This work focuses on developing a forecasting model for the water inflow at an hydroelectric plant's reservoir for operations planning. The planning horizon is 5years in monthly steps. Due to the complex behavior of the monthly inflow time series we use a Bayesian dynamic linear model that incorporates seasonal and autoregressive components. We also use climate variables like monthly precipitation, El Niño and other indices as predictor variables when relevant. The Brazilian power system has 140 hydroelectric plants. Based on geographical considerations, these plants are collated by basin and classified into 15 groups that correspond to the major river basins, in order to reduce the dimension of the problem. The model is then tested for these 15 groups. Each group will have a different forecasting model that can best describe its unique seasonality and characteristics. The results show that the forecasting approach taken in this paper produces substantially better predictions than the current model adopted in Brazil (see Maceira & Damazio, 2006), leading to superior operations planning. © 2014 International Institute of Forecasters.
Lima, LMM; Popova, E; Damien, P
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