Arctigenin Attenuates Ischemia/Reperfusion Induced Ventricular Arrhythmias by Decreasing Oxidative Stress in Rats.
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Arctigenin (ATG) has been shown to possess anti-inflammatory, immunemodulatory, anti-viral, anti-microbial, anti-carcinogenic, vasodilatory and anti-platelet aggregation properties. However, the protective role of ATG in prevention of arrhythmias induced by myocardial ischemia/reperfusion is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the anti-arrhythmia effect of ATG in an ischemia/reperfusion injured rat heart model and explore the related mechanisms. METHODS: Rats were randomly exposed to sham operation, myocardial ischemia/ reperfusion (MI/R) alone, ATG+ MI/R, pretreated with ATG in low (12.5 mg/kg/day), medium (50 mg/kg/day) and high dose (200 mg/kg/day), respectively. Ventricular arrhythmias were assessed. The activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and the level of malondialdehyde (MDA) in myocardial tissue were determined by chemical analysis. RESULTS: Compared to MI/R, rats pretreated with ATG in doses of 50 mg/kg/day and 200 mg/kg/day showed significantly reduced incidence and duration of ventricular fibrillation, ventricular tachycardia and ventricular ectopic beat (VEB), and decreased the arrhythmia score during the 30-min ischemia. Incidence and duration of ventricular tachycardia, infarction size and arrhythmia scores in these groups were significantly decreased during the 120-min reperfusion. No ventricular fibrillation occurred during the period of reperfusion. Rats pretreated with ATG in doses of 50 mg/kg/day and 200 mg/kg/ day markedly enhanced the activities of antioxidant enzymes SOD and GSH-Px, reduced the level of MDA. No differences were observed between the group pretreated with a low dose of ATG and the sham group. Administration of ATG significantly increased the expression of antioxidant stress protein Nrf2, Trx1 and Nox1. CONCLUSION: Our data suggested that ATG plays anti-arrhythmia role in ischemia/reperfusion injury, which is probably associated with attenuating oxidative stress by Nrf2 signaling pathway.
Yang, J; Yin, H-S; Cao, Y-J; Jiang, Z-A; Li, Y-J; Song, M-C; Wang, Y-F; Wang, Z-H; Yang, R; Jiang, Y-F; Sun, J-P; Liu, B-Y; Wang, C
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