Impact of endoscopic craniofacial resection on simulated nasal airflow and heat transport.

Published online

Journal Article

BACKGROUND: Endoscopic craniofacial resections (CFR) are performed for extensive anterior skull base lesions. This surgery involves removal of multiple intranasal structures, potentially leading to empty nose syndrome (ENS). However, many patients remain asymptomatic postoperatively. Our objective was to analyze the impact of CFR on nasal physiology and airflow using computational fluid dynamics (CFD). This is the first CFD analysis of post-CFR patients. METHODS: Three-dimensional sinonasal models were constructed from 3 postoperative images using MimicsTM . Hybrid computational meshes were created. Steady inspiratory airflow and heat transport were simulated at patient-specific flow rates using shear stress transport k-omega turbulent flow modeling in FluentTM . Simulated average heat flux (HF) and surface area where HF exceeded 50 W/m2 (SAHF50) were compared with laminar simulations in 9 radiographically normal adults. RESULTS: Three adults underwent CFR without developing ENS. Average HF (W/m2 ) were 132.70, 134.84, and 142.60 in the CFR group, ranging from 156.24 to 234.95 in the nonoperative cohort. SAHF50 (m2 ) values were 0.0087, 0.0120, and 0.0110 in the CFR group, ranging from 0.0082 to 0.0114 in the radiographically normal cohort. SAHF50 was distributed throughout the CFR cavities, with increased HF at the roof and walls compared with the nonoperative cohort. CONCLUSION: Average HF was low in the CFR group compared with the nonoperative group. However, absence of ENS in most CFR patients may be due to large stimulated mucosal surface area, commensurate with the nonoperative cohort. Diffuse distribution of stimulated area may result from turbulent mixing after CFR. To better understand heat transport post-CFR, a larger cohort is necessary.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Tracy, LF; Basu, S; Shah, PV; Frank-Ito, DO; Das, S; Zanation, AM; Kimbell, JS

Published Date

  • March 12, 2019

Published In

PubMed ID

  • 30861326

Pubmed Central ID

  • 30861326

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2042-6984

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/alr.22328

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States