Utilizing mobile technologies to improve physical activity and medication adherence in patients with heart failure and diabetes mellitus: Rationale and design of the TARGET-HF-DM Trial.
Heart failure (HF) and diabetes mellitus (DM) are major public health issues that place significant burden on patients and health care systems. Patients with both HF and DM are at higher risk of adverse cardiovascular and HF outcomes than those with either disease in isolation. Different antihyperglycemic medications (even within the same medication class) have conflicting results of benefit or harm in patients with established and incident HF. Recent data highlight the importance of a renewed focus on optimal pharmacotherapy for this population with DM and HF (or at risk for HF). Both HF and DM require major lifestyle modification for optimal management, in terms of both optimizing health behaviors (eg, physical activity, diet) and adherence to complex medical and self-care regimens. Mobile health (mHealth) technologies (eg, apps, wearables) are widely available in the community and may play a role in optimizing the health status of patients; however, there is limited and conflicting information on whether such technologies are actually beneficial in at-risk populations. In this article, we summarize current strategies, including mobile health interventions, to improve physical activity levels, drug adherence, and outcomes in patients with DM, HF, or both and describe the design and rationale for the Technologies to improve drug Adherence and Reinforce Guideline based Exercise Targets in patients with heart Failure and Diabetes Mellitus trial, which is designed to test the efficacy of using mHealth technology to improve health behaviors and outcomes in this high-risk population.
Sharma, A; Mentz, RJ; Granger, BB; Heitner, JF; Cooper, LB; Banerjee, D; Green, CL; Majumdar, MD; Eapen, Z; Hudson, L; Felker, GM
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Pubmed Central ID
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)