Bezafibrate Enhances AAV Vector-Mediated Genome Editing in Glycogen Storage Disease Type Ia.
Glycogen storage disease type Ia (GSD Ia) is a rare inherited disease caused by mutations in the glucose-6-phosphatase (G6Pase) catalytic subunit gene (G6PC). Absence of G6Pase causes life-threatening hypoglycemia and long-term complications because of the accumulations of metabolic intermediates. Bezafibrate, a pan-peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) agonist, was administered in the context of genome editing with a zinc-finger nuclease-containing vector (AAV-ZFN) and a G6Pase donor vector (AAV-RoG6P). Bezafibrate treatment increased survival and decreased liver size (liver/body mass, p < 0.05) in combination with genome editing. Blood glucose has higher (p < 0.05) after 4 h of fasting, and liver glycogen accumulation (p < 0.05) was lower in association with higher G6Pase activity (p < 0.05). Furthermore, bezafibrate-treated mice had increased numbers of G6PC transgenes (p < 0.05) and higher ZFN activity (p < 0.01) in the liver compared with controls. PPAR-α expression was increased and PPAR-γ expression was decreased in bezafibrate-treated mice. Therefore, bezafibrate improved hepatocellular abnormalities and increased the transduction efficiency of AAV vector-mediated genome editing in liver, whereas higher expression of G6Pase corrected molecular signaling in GSD Ia. Taken together, bezafibrate shows promise as a drug for increasing AAV vector-mediated genome editing.
Kang, H-R; Waskowicz, L; Seifts, AM; Landau, DJ; Young, SP; Koeberl, DD
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