High-precision characterization of the neutron light output of stilbene along the directions of maximum and minimum response

Journal Article (Journal Article)

The scintillation light output response of stilbene crystals has been measured for protons recoiling along the a, b, and c’ crystalline axes with energies between 1.3 and 10 MeV using neutrons produced with the tandem Van de Graaff accelerator at Triangle Universities Nuclear Laboratory. The proton recoil energy and direction were measured using the coincident detection of neutrons between a stilbene scintillator and an array of EJ-309 liquid scintillators spanning arranged neutron recoil angles. The maximum light output was found to coincide with proton recoils along the a-axis, in disagreement with other published measurements, which reported the b-axis as the direction of the maximum light output. Additional measurements were conducted using two different stilbene crystals to confirm these results: a second measurement using the coincident detection of neutrons; measurements of neutron full energy deposition events along the a and b axes; and measurements of the count rate for 252 Cf neutrons traveling along the a and b axes directions. All measurements found that recoils along the a-axis produce the maximum light output.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Weldon, RA; Mueller, JM; Lynch, C; Schuster, P; Hedges, S; Awe, C; Li, L; Barbeau, P; Mattingly, J

Published Date

  • May 21, 2019

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 927 /

Start / End Page

  • 313 - 319

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0168-9002

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.nima.2018.10.075

Citation Source

  • Scopus