Reduced CXCL1/GRO chemokine plasma levels are a possible biomarker of elderly depression.


Journal Article

BACKGROUND: Depression is the single largest contributor to non-fatal health loss worldwide. A role of inflammation in major depressive disorder (MDD) was suggested, and we sought to determine if cytokine levels predict the severity of depressive symptomatology or distinguish MDD patients from healthy controls (HCs). METHODS: The severity of depressive symptoms and cognitive impairment were assessed by the Korean version of the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-K) and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE-KC) in 152 elderly subjects (76 with MDD). Plasma levels of 28 cytokines were measured and analysed as continuous predictors or dichotomized using the median value. The association between individual cytokines, MDD risk and depressive symptoms severity was investigated using multiple logistic and linear regressions that included the relevant covariates. A Cytokine Weighted Score (CWS) was calculated by weighting cytokines according to previously reported effect sizes on MDD risk. Sensitivity analyses were performed excluding subjects with significant cognitive impairment. RESULTS: CXCL10/IP-10 levels were higher in subjects with MDD vs. HCs while the opposite was observed for CXCL1/GRO. Only the second association survived after adjusting for possible confounders and excluding subjects with severe cognitive impairment. Using dichotomized cytokine levels, CXCL1/GRO and TNF-α were negatively associated with MDD. The CWS was also negatively associated with MDD. Cytokine levels did not predict the severity of depressive symptoms. LIMITATIONS: Our cross-sectional approach was not able to longitudinally evaluate any temporal fluctuations in the considered cytokine levels. CONCLUSIONS: This study found significantly lower CXCL1/GRO chemokine plasma levels in elderly subjects with MDD compared to HCs.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Fanelli, G; Benedetti, F; Wang, S-M; Lee, S-J; Jun, T-Y; Masand, PS; Patkar, AA; Han, C; Serretti, A; Pae, C-U; Fabbri, C

Published Date

  • April 15, 2019

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 249 /

Start / End Page

  • 410 - 417

PubMed ID

  • 30826620

Pubmed Central ID

  • 30826620

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1573-2517

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jad.2019.02.042


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Netherlands