Fine-Grained Adaptive Testing Based on Quality Prediction
The ever-increasing complexity of integrated circuits inevitably leads to high test cost. Adaptive testing provides an effective solution for test-cost reduction; this testing framework selects the important test items for each set of chips. However, adaptive testing methods designed for digital circuits are coarse-grained, and they are targeted only at systematic defects. In order to incorporate fabrication variations and random defects in the testing framework, we propose a fine-grained adaptive testing method based on machine learning. We use the parametric test results from the previous stages of test to train a quality-prediction model for use in subsequent test stages. Next, we partition a given lot of chips into two groups based on their predicted quality. A test-selection method based on statistical learning is applied to the chips with high predicted quality. An ad hoc test-selection method is proposed and applied to the chips with low predicted quality. Experimental results using a large number of fabricated chips and the associated test data show that to achieve the same defect level as in prior work on adaptive testing, the fine-grained adaptive testing method reduces test cost by 90% for low-quality chips, and up to 7% for all the chips in a lot.
Liu, M; Pan, R; Ye, F; Li, X; Chakrabarty, K; Gu, X
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International Standard Book Number 13 (ISBN-13)
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