Reliability and Validity of the Vietnamese Depression Interview (VDI).
Current instruments used to aid in the diagnosis of psychological disorders have limited effectiveness with clients from Asian backgrounds. The Vietnamese Depression Interview (VDI) is a diagnostic instrument created to assess the presence of current and lifetime history of major depressive disorder specifically among Vietnamese refugees and immigrants. The purpose of the present study is to provide a description of the VDI, while also noting it as a reliable and valid means by which to assess depression in Vietnamese individuals. Using the Longitudinal, Expert, and All Data (LEAD; Spitzer in Compr Psychiatry 24:399-411, 1983) standard and the VDI, experienced clinicians conducted the diagnosis process with 127 Vietnamese refugees and immigrants. Assessment of the reliability and validity of the VDI yielded good to excellent AUC and kappa values, indicating the reliability of the VDI and the agreement between the LEAD procedure and the VDI. These study results imply that the VDI performs successfully as a diagnostic instrument specifically created for Vietnamese refugees and immigrants in their native language. Current and future contributions of the VDI with Vietnamese individuals are discussed.
Ramos, K; Jones, MK; Shellman, AB; Dao, TK; Szeto, K
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