Safety of low-dose radiocontrast for interventional AV fistula salvage in stage 4 chronic kidney disease patients.
The Dialysis Outcomes Quality Initiative emphasizes increasing arteriovenous fistula prevalence, by promoting referral for fistula creation in patients with stage 4 chronic kidney disease (CKD). The aim is to provide an optimal access for initiation of dialysis, thus avoiding central venous catheter use. The endovascular management of nonmaturing fistulas is more complicated in these patients, where the expected benefit of catheter avoidance must be weighed against the risk of contrast induced nephropathy (CIN). This study reports on the safety of a low-dose radiocontrast regimen, used in performing endovascular fistula salvage procedures in patients with stage 4 CKD. All consecutive endovascular procedures performed over a 2-year period in patients with stage 4 CKD and nonmaturing access were identified. Data collected included the type of procedure, contrast volume per procedure, pre, 2- and 7-day creatinine, need for acute dialysis, and the type of access used to initiate dialysis. Total of 65 procedures were performed in 34 patients. The mean contrast volume was 7.8 ml per procedure. The incidence of CIN (25% increase in serum creatinine) was 4% at 2 days and 4.6% at 1 week. All values returned to baseline within 2 weeks, and no patient required acute dialysis. Among the 33 patients with nonmaturing fistulas, 20 initiated dialysis during the follow-up period, 15 (75%) using their fistula, and five (25%) using a catheter. This study demonstrates that in patients with advanced CKD, fistulas can be successfully salvaged using small contrast volumes with a low incidence of CIN.
Kian, K; Wyatt, C; Schon, D; Packer, J; Vassalotti, J; Mishler, R
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