Identifying Predictive Factors of Pediatric Septic Arthritis of the Knee in a Lyme Endemic Area.

Published

Journal Article

BACKGROUND: Septic arthritis of the knee in the pediatric patient is a diagnosis that requires prompt identification and treatment. The purpose of this study was to identify clinical and laboratory parameters that allow differential diagnosis of septic arthritis from non-septic arthritis in children. METHODS: Fifty-four pediatric patients with atraumatic isolated knee pain were retrospectively identified at three institutions and diagnosed with septic arthritis (SA, N = 28), Lyme arthritis (LA, N = 11), or transient synovitis (TS, N = 15). Clinical and laboratory data were analyzed to identify which factors were most predictive of SA of the knee. RESULTS: Fever at time of presentation, a negative anti-streptolysin-O (ASO), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) > 40 mm/hr, and C-reactive protein (CRP) > 20 mg/L were the most predictive factors for distinguishing between septic arthritis (SA) and non-septic arthritis (transient synovitis or Lyme arthritis). Elevated ESR and CRP were both significantly higher in patients with SA when compared to TS or LA. CONCLUSION: When evaluating children with atraumatic isolated knee pain, a combination of the above factors should be utilized when ruling out septic arthritis.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Gage, MJ; Twomey, KD; Sala, DA; Maguire, KJ; Hanstein, R; Hennrikus, WL; Otsuka, NY

Published Date

  • September 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 76 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 161 - 164

PubMed ID

  • 31513518

Pubmed Central ID

  • 31513518

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2328-5273

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States