Image-Guided Percutaneous Gastrostomy Tube Placement is Safe in Patients Requiring Aspirin 325 mg.
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Requests for gastrostomy tube placement in patients on aspirin (ASA) 325 mg are common, particularly in patients following reconstructive surgery for head and neck cancer, but periprocedural guidelines and recommendations regarding management of high dose aspirin are inconsistent. The purpose of this study was to assess the bleeding risk of percutaneous gastrostomy tube placement in patients on ASA 325 mg. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study of 213 patients who underwent image-guided "push" percutaneous gastrostomy tube placement compared rates of significant bleeding and other secondary outcomes (including all-cause mortality within 30 days, procedure-related mortality, bowel perforation, abdominal abscess, peritonitis, aspiration pneumonia, intraprocedural airway complications, and tube dislodgement) between patients maintained on ASA 325 mg and patients not on antiplatelet or anticoagulation therapy. RESULTS: No significant bleeding episodes occurred in patients on ASA 325 mg, compared to three episodes in patients not on ASA 325 mg (p = 0.37). A patient in each group had aspiration pneumonia possibly related to tube placement. There were no other notable secondary outcomes, including intraprocedural airway complications in this population with complex head and neck anatomy. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that holding ASA 325 mg in patients undergoing percutaneous gastrostomy tube placement is not necessary, especially in patients in whom holding ASA would pose considerable risk. Further multi-institutional longitudinal study is warranted to validate these results.
Dolan, RS; Goldman, D; El-Deiry, M; Kokabi, N; Bercu, ZL; Newsome, J; Martin, JG
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