The Epidemiology of Acute Stress Disorder and Other Early Responses to Trauma in Adults
© 2012 by Oxford University Press, Inc. All rights reserved. Acute stress disorder (ASD) is an anxiety disorder characterized by exposure to a traumatic event followed by symptoms of re-experiencing, avoidance, hyper-arousal, peritraumatic dissociation, and impairment in functioning. ASD's time-limited duration (two days to one month) makes it distinct from but related to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which is diagnosed after one month. ASD's brief duration has contributed to a dearth of largescale, population-based studies. Smaller studies have sought to determine rates of ASD after specific events in select populations; others have focused on ASD's role in predicting PTSD. Much can be learned from existing epidemiological studies. ASD's prevalence varies from 3% in a population of accident victims to 59% in female sexual assault victims. Female gender is a key risk factor; marital status, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status have also been associated with ASD in some studies. Comorbidities include depressive and anxiety disorders and substance use disorders.
Biggs, QM; Guimond, JM; Fullerton, CS; Ursano, RJ; Gray, C; Goldenberg, M; Reissman, D; McCarroll, JE; Santiago, P; Tyler, MP
- The Oxford Handbook of Traumatic Stress Disorders
International Standard Book Number 10 (ISBN-10)
International Standard Book Number 13 (ISBN-13)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)