Concomitant BRAF and PI3K/mTOR blockade is required for effective treatment of BRAF(V600E) colorectal cancer.

Published

Journal Article

PURPOSE: BRAF(V600E) mutations are associated with poor clinical prognosis in colorectal cancer (CRC). Although selective BRAF inhibitors are effective for treatment of melanoma, comparable efforts in CRC have been disappointing. Here, we investigated potential mechanisms underlying this resistance to BRAF inhibitors in BRAF(V600E) CRC. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We examined phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/mTOR signaling in BRAF(V600E) CRC cell lines after BRAF inhibition and cell viability and apoptosis after combined BRAF and PI3K/mTOR inhibition. We assessed the efficacy of in vivo combination treatment using a novel genetically engineered mouse model (GEMM) for BRAF(V600E) CRC. RESULTS: Western blot analysis revealed sustained PI3K/mTOR signaling upon BRAF inhibition. Our BRAF(V600E) GEMM presented with sessile serrated adenomas/polyps, as seen in humans. Combination treatment in vivo resulted in induction of apoptosis and tumor regression. CONCLUSIONS: We have established a novel GEMM to interrogate BRAF(V600E) CRC biology and identify more efficacious treatment strategies. Combination BRAF and PI3K/mTOR inhibitor treatment should be explored in clinical trials.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Coffee, EM; Faber, AC; Roper, J; Sinnamon, MJ; Goel, G; Keung, L; Wang, WV; Vecchione, L; de Vriendt, V; Weinstein, BJ; Bronson, RT; Tejpar, S; Xavier, RJ; Engelman, JA; Martin, ES; Hung, KE

Published Date

  • May 15, 2013

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 19 / 10

Start / End Page

  • 2688 - 2698

PubMed ID

  • 23549875

Pubmed Central ID

  • 23549875

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1078-0432

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-12-2556

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States