Phase II randomized trial of weekly paclitaxel with or without estramustine phosphate in progressive, metastatic, hormone-refractory prostate cancer.

Published

Journal Article

This study was conducted to determine the similarity of response rates and safety produced by weekly paclitaxel with or without oral estramustine in patients with metastatic hormone-refractory prostate cancer. Between December 1998 and December 1999, 163 patients were randomized to receive 28-day cycles of paclitaxel 100 mg/m2 on days 2, 9, and 16 plus estramustine 280 mg orally 3 times a day on days 1-3, 8-10, and 15-17, or to receive paclitaxel 100 mg/m2 alone on days 1, 8, and 15. Objective response was defined as a > oe = 50% decrease in prostate-specific antigen (PSA) maintained for 4 weeks with stable or improved performance status. Response rates included 37 partial responses for paclitaxel/estramustine (47%) and 22 partial responses for paclitaxel (27%; P < 0.01). Median duration of response was 15.1 months for paclitaxel/estramustine and 15.5 months for paclitaxel; median survival was 16.1 months and 13.1 months, respectively (P = 0.049). Common toxicities for both treatments included neutropenia, gastrointestinal events, neuropathy, and asthenia. Thromboembolic events were more frequent in the paclitaxel/estramustine arm (no prophylactic anticoagulants). The rate of PSA decline for paclitaxel/estramustine was almost 2 times that of paclitaxel (47% vs. 27%), with acceptable toxicity. Multivariate analysis of prognostic factors affecting survival was not significant for treatment arm (P = 0.08). Although the incidence of thromboembolic events appeared to be increased in the paclitaxel/ estramustine arm, the addition of estramustine was responsible for a 20% increase in the rate of PSA decline. Neither treatment arm had significant impact on quality of life as measured by the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Prostate quality of life questionnaire. This study produced encouraging data; further studies of paclitaxel/ estramustine are recommended.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Berry, WR; Hathorn, JW; Dakhil, SR; Loesch, DM; Jackson, DV; Gregurich, MA; Newcomb-Fernandez, JK; Asmar, L

Published Date

  • September 2004

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 3 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 104 - 111

PubMed ID

  • 15479494

Pubmed Central ID

  • 15479494

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1540-0352

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States