How welfare policies affect adolescents' school outcomes: A synthesis of evidence from experimental studies

Journal Article (Review;Journal)

Using data from 8 random assignment studies and employing meta-analytic techniques, this article provides systematic evidence that welfare and work policies targeted at low-income parents have small adverse effects on some school outcomes among adolescents ages 12 to 18 years at follow-up. These adverse effects were observed mostly for school performance outcomes and occurred in programs that required mothers to work or participate in employment-related activities and those that encouraged mothers to work voluntarily. The most pronounced negative effects on school outcomes occurred for the group of adolescents who had a younger sibling, possibly because of the increased home and sibling care responsibilities they assumed as their mothers increased their employment.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Gennetian, LA; Duncan, G; Knox, V; Vargas, W; Clark-Kauffman, E; London, AS

Published Date

  • January 1, 2004

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 14 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 399 - 423

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1050-8392

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/j.1532-7795.2004.00080.x

Citation Source

  • Scopus