Maternal employment and the health of low-income young children.

Published

Journal Article

This study examines whether maternal employment affects the health status of low-income, elementary-school-aged children using instrumental variables estimation and experimental data from a welfare-to-work program implemented in the early 1990s. Maternal report of child health status is predicted as a function of exogenous variation in maternal employment associated with random assignment to the experimental group. IV estimates show a modest adverse effect of maternal employment on children's health. Making use of data from another welfare-to-work program we propose that any adverse effect on child health may be tempered by increased family income and access to public health insurance coverage, findings with direct relevance to a number of current policy discussions. In a secondary analysis using fixed effects techniques on longitudinal survey data collected in 1998 and 2001, we find a comparable adverse effect of maternal employment on child health that supports the external validity of our primary result.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Gennetian, LA; Hill, HD; London, AS; Lopoo, LM

Published Date

  • May 2010

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 29 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 353 - 363

PubMed ID

  • 20356641

Pubmed Central ID

  • 20356641

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1879-1646

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0167-6296

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jhealeco.2010.02.007

Language

  • eng