Association of an HDL Apolipoproteomic Score With Coronary Atherosclerosis and Cardiovascular Death.
BACKGROUND: Concentrations of circulating apolipoproteins are strongly linked to risk for coronary artery disease (CAD). The relative importance of the additional knowledge of apolipoprotein concentrations within specific lipoprotein species for CAD risk prediction is limited. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate the performance of a high-density lipoprotein (HDL) apolipoproteomic score, based on targeted mass spectrometry of HDL-associated apolipoproteins, for the detection of angiographic CAD and outcomes. METHODS: HDL-associated apolipoprotein (apo) A-1, apoC-1, apoC-2, apoC-3, and apoC-4 were measured in 943 participants without prevalent myocardial infarction (MI) referred for coronary angiography in the CASABLANCA (Catheter Sampled Blood Archive in Cardiovascular Diseases) study. A composite HDL apolipoproteomic score (pCAD) was associated with likelihood of obstructive CAD (≥70% lesion in ≥1 vessel) and with incident cardiovascular outcomes over 4-year follow-up. RESULTS: There were 587 (62.2%) patients with coronary stenosis. The pCAD score was associated with the presence of obstructive CAD (odds ratio: 1.39; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.14 to 1.69; p < 0.001), independently of conventional cardiovascular risk factors including circulating plasma apoA-1 and apoB. The C-index for pCAD was 0.63 (95% CI: 0.59 to 0.67) for the presence of obstructive CAD. Although pCAD was not associated with cardiovascular mortality among all individuals (hazard ratio: 1.24; 95% CI: 0.93 to 1.66; p = 0.15), there was evidence of association for individuals with obstructive CAD (hazard ratio: 1.48; 95% CI: 1.07 to 2.05; p = 0.019). CONCLUSIONS: An HDL apolipoproteomic score is associated with the presence of CAD, independent of circulating apoA-1 and apoB concentrations and other conventional cardiovascular risk factors. Among individuals with CAD, this score may be independently associated cardiovascular death. (The CASABLANCA Study: Catheter Sampled Blood Archive in Cardiovascular Diseases [CASABLANCA]; NCT00842868).
Natarajan, P; Collier, TS; Jin, Z; Lyass, A; Li, Y; Ibrahim, NE; Mukai, R; McCarthy, CP; Massaro, JM; D'Agostino, RB; Gaggin, HK; Bystrom, C; Penn, MS; Januzzi, JL
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