Fibroblast Growth Factor-23, Heart Failure Risk, and Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone-System Blockade in Hypertension: The MESA Study.
(Journal Article;Multicenter Study)
BACKGROUND: Higher fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF23) concentrations have been found to be associated with incident heart failure (HF). Experimental data suggest FGF23 directly stimulates myocardial hypertrophy. FGF23 may also enhance renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system activity. Whether FGF23 is associated with increased HF risk in populations with hypertension and whether this association is weaker in the presence of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) or angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) therapy is unknown. METHODS: We studied 2,858 adults with hypertension free of cardiovascular disease at baseline (65.6 ± 9.5 years, 46.2% male) participating in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). We investigated the association of baseline serum intact FGF23 with incident HF over a 14-year median follow-up and whether ACEI/ARB therapy modified this risk. We also investigated the relationship of FGF23 with aldosterone and plasma renin activity in a random subgroup of the entire MESA cohort with available assays (N = 1,642). RESULTS: In adjusted Cox regression models, higher FGF23 was associated with a 63% greater hazard of incident HF (hazard ratio: 1.63, 95% confidence interval: [1.13-2.36] per 1-unit increase in log-transformed FGF23), which persisted after exclusion of participants with chronic kidney disease (hazard ratio: 1.94 [1.10-3.43]). There was no heterogeneity by ACEI/ARB use (Pinteraction = 0.438). FGF23 improved model fit over covariables (likelihood ratio χ2 = 6.67, P = 0.010). In multivariable linear regression models, there was no association between FGF23 and aldosterone or plasma renin activity. CONCLUSIONS: Higher FGF23 concentrations are associated with a significantly increased risk of HF in hypertension but this risk did not differ by ACEI/ARB treatment status. FGF23 may be a useful biomarker for HF risk in hypertensive populations.
Akhabue, E; Vu, T-HT; Vaidya, A; Michos, ED; de Boer, IH; Kestenbaum, B; Allison, M; Szklo, M; Ouyang, P; Yancy, CW; Wolf, M; Isakova, T; Carnethon, MR
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