NIMH Project Accept (HPTN 043): results from in-depth interviews with a longitudinal cohort of community members.

Published

Journal Article

NIMH Project Accept (HPTN 043) is a community- randomized trial to test the safety and efficacy of a community-level intervention designed to increase testing and lower HIV incidence in Tanzania, Zimbabwe, South Africa and Thailand. The evaluation design included a longitudinal study with community members to assess attitudinal and behavioral changes in study outcomes including HIV testing norms, HIV-related discussions, and HIV-related stigma.A cohort of 657 individuals across all sites was selected to participate in a qualitative study that involved 4 interviews during the study period. Baseline and 30-month data were summarized according to each outcome, and a qualitative assessment of changes was made at the community level over time.Members from intervention communities described fewer barriers and greater motivation for testing than those from comparison communities. HIV-related discussions in intervention communities were more grounded in personal testing experiences. A change in HIV-related stigma over time was most pronounced in Tanzania and Zimbabwe. Participants in the intervention communities from these two sites attributed community-level changes in attitudes to project specific activities.The Project Accept intervention was associated with more favorable social norms regarding HIV testing, more personal content in HIV discussions in all study sites, and qualitative changes in HIV-related stigma in two of five sites.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Maman, S; van Rooyen, H; Stankard, P; Chingono, A; Muravha, T; Ntogwisangu, J; Phakathi, Z; Srirak, N; F Morin, S; NIMH Project Accept (HPTN 043) study team,

Published Date

  • January 29, 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 9 / 1

Start / End Page

  • e87091 -

PubMed ID

  • 24489841

Pubmed Central ID

  • 24489841

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1932-6203

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1932-6203

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1371/journal.pone.0087091

Language

  • eng