Understanding Bachelorhood in Poverty-stricken and High Sex Ratio Settings: An Exploratory Study in Rural Shaanxi, China.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Coupled with the social practice of female hypergamy, the male surplus within the never-married population means that today's Chinese marriage market is extremely tight in particular for men from a rural background and the least privileged socio-economic categories. Drawing on quantitative data from a survey conducted in 2014-2015, this article sheds light on the situation of single men who are past prime marriage age in three rural districts of Shaanxi particularly affected by this phenomenon. It compares single men's characteristics to those of their married counterparts and offers insights into the heterogeneity of single men with the aim of challenging some commonly accepted assumptions about bachelorhood in rural China. Results suggest a strong internalization of the various characteristics, centred on being able to offer social mobility to a potential wife, that a man is expected to have to be attractive to women in a context where women have more choice in mate selection. We conclude that mate selection is highly marked by class, social norms, social interactions, health, generation and age, and requires the mobilization of certain amounts of individual, social and economic resources. Unwanted bachelorhood would thus be better understood using an intersectional approach rather than mainly in numeric terms.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Attané, I; Eklund, L; Merli, MG; Bozon, M; Angeloff, T; Yang, B; Li, S; Pairault, T; Wang, S; Yang, X; Zhang, Q

Published Date

  • December 2019

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 240 /

Start / End Page

  • 990 - 1017

PubMed ID

  • 31929676

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC6953728

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0305-7410

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1017/s0305741019000390


  • eng