Efficacy of Non-Beta-lactam Antibiotics for Prevention of Cesarean Delivery Surgical Site Infections.


Journal Article

Objective  To examine the association between perioperative Beta ( β ))-lactam versus non- β -lactam antibiotics and cesarean delivery surgical site infection (SSI). Study Design  Retrospective cohort of women undergoing cesarean delivery from January 1 to December 31, 2014. All women undergoing cesarean after 34 weeks with a postpartum visit were included. Prevalence of SSI was compared between women receiving β -lactam versus non- β -lactam antibiotics. Bivariate analyses were performed using Pearson's Chi-square, Fisher's exact, or Wilcoxon's rank-sum tests. Logistic regression models were fit controlling for possible confounders. Results  Of the 929 women included, 826 (89%) received β -lactam prophylaxis and 103 (11%) received a non- β -lactam. Among the 893 women who reported a non-type I (low risk) allergy, 819 (92%) received β -lactam prophylaxis. SSI occurred in 7% of women who received β -lactam antibiotics versus 15% of women who received a non- β -lactam ( p  = 0.004). β -Lactam prophylaxis was associated with lower odds of SSI compared with non- β -lactam antibiotics (odds ratio [OR] = 0.43; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.22-0.83; p  = 0.01) after controlling for chorioamnionitis in labor, postlabor cesarean, endometritis, tobacco use, and body mass index (BMI). Conclusion   β -Lactam perioperative prophylaxis is associated with lower odds of a cesarean delivery surgical site infection compared with non- β -lactam antibiotics.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Harris, BS; Hopkins, MK; Villers, MS; Weber, JM; Pieper, C; Grotegut, CA; Swamy, GK; Hughes, BL; Heine, RP

Published Date

  • April 2019

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 9 / 2

Start / End Page

  • e167 - e171

PubMed ID

  • 31044099

Pubmed Central ID

  • 31044099

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2157-6998

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1055/s-0039-1685503


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States