Risk Factors for Mortality in Pediatric Postsurgical versus Medical Severe Sepsis.

Published

Journal Article

BACKGROUND: Sepsis is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality after surgery. Most studies regarding sepsis do not differentiate between patients who have had recent surgery and those without. Few data exist regarding the risk factors for poor outcomes in pediatric postsurgical sepsis. Our hypothesis is pediatric postsurgical, and medical patients with severe sepsis have unique risk factors for mortality. METHODS: Data were extracted from a secondary analysis of an international point prevalence study of pediatric severe sepsis. Sites included 128 pediatric intensive care units from 26 countries. Pediatric patients with severe sepsis were categorized into those who had recent surgery (postsurgical sepsis) versus those that did not (medical sepsis) before sepsis onset. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to determine risk factors for mortality. RESULTS: A total of 556 patients were included: 138 with postsurgical and 418 with medical sepsis. In postsurgical sepsis, older age, admission from the hospital ward, multiple organ dysfunction syndrome at sepsis recognition, and cardiovascular and respiratory comorbidities were independent risk factors for death. In medical sepsis, resource-limited region, hospital-acquired infection, multiple organ dysfunction syndrome at sepsis recognition, higher Pediatric Index of Mortality-3 score, and malignancy were independent risk factors for death. CONCLUSIONS: Pediatric patients with postsurgical sepsis had different risk factors for mortality compared with medical sepsis. This included a higher mortality risk in postsurgical patients presenting to the intensive care unit from the hospital ward. These data suggest an opportunity to develop and test early warning systems specific to pediatric sepsis in the postsurgical population.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Thakkar, RK; Weiss, SL; Fitzgerald, JC; Keele, L; Thomas, NJ; Nadkarni, VM; Muszynski, JA; Hall, MW; SPROUT Investigators, ; Pediatric Acute Lung Injury and Sepsis Investigators (PALISI) Network,

Published Date

  • October 2019

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 242 /

Start / End Page

  • 100 - 110

PubMed ID

  • 31075654

Pubmed Central ID

  • 31075654

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1095-8673

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jss.2019.04.011

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States