On the likelihood of decompression sickness during H(2) biochemical decompression in pigs.
A probabilistic model was used to predict decompression sickness (DCS) outcome in pigs during exposures to hyperbaric H(2) to quantify the effects of H(2) biochemical decompression, a process in which metabolism of H(2) by intestinal microbes facilitates decompression. The data set included 109 exposures to 22-26 atm, ca. 88% H(2), 9% He, 2% O(2), 1% N(2), for 0.5-24 h. Single exponential kinetics described the tissue partial pressures (Ptis) of H(2) and He at time t: Ptis = integral (Pamb - Ptis). tau(-1) dt, where Pamb is ambient pressure and tau is a time constant. The probability of DCS [P(DCS)] was predicted from the risk function: P(DCS) = 1 - e(-r), where r = integral (Ptis(H(2)) + Ptis(He) - Thr - Pamb). Pamb(-1) dt, and Thr is a threshold parameter. Inclusion of a parameter (A) to estimate the effect of H(2) metabolism on P(DCS): Ptis(H(2)) = integral (Pamb - A - Ptis(H(2))). tau(-1) dt, significantly improved the prediction of P(DCS). Thus lower P(DCS) was predicted by microbial H(2) metabolism during H(2) biochemical decompression.
Fahlman, A; Tikuisis, P; Himm, JF; Weathersby, PK; Kayar, SR
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