Impact of Cognition and Handfeeding Assistance on Nutritional Intake for Nursing Home Residents.

Published

Journal Article

In nursing homes (NHs), residents are at risk for malnutrition and weight loss. The purpose of this secondary data analysis was to examine the impact of resident cognitive status and level of feeding assistance provided by NH staff on resident's daily nutritional intake and body weight. As part of a large, multisite clinical trial (N = 786), residents with and without dementia were examined according to level of feeding assistance required during mealtimes (independent, set-up only, needs help eating) over a 21-day period. Outcomes analyzed were percent of meal intake by meal type (breakfast, lunch, dinner) and overall daily intake (meals + snacks/supplements). Residents with dementia who required meal set-up assistance had significantly lower meal intake for all three meals. Residents without dementia requiring meal set-up assistance experienced significantly lower intake for breakfast and dinner, but not lunch. When snacks and supplements were offered between meals, residents with dementia consumed approximately 163 additional calories/day, and residents without dementia consumed approximately 156 additional calories/day. This study adds new evidence that residents at greatest risk for low intake are those who are only provided set-up assistance for meals and/or have cognitive impairment.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Batchelor-Murphy, M; Kennerly, SM; Horn, SD; Barrett, R; Bergstrom, N; Boss, L; Yap, TL

Published Date

  • July 2019

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 38 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 262 - 276

PubMed ID

  • 31124418

Pubmed Central ID

  • 31124418

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2155-1200

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2155-1197

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1080/21551197.2019.1617221

Language

  • eng