Nonoperative Management Prior to Hip Arthroscopy for Femoroacetabular Impingement Syndrome: An Investigation Into the Utilization and Content of Physical Therapy.
BACKGROUND: There has been a significant increase in surgeries for femoroacetabular impingement syndrome in recent years, but little is known about the use of physical therapy prior to surgery. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the use of physical therapy prior to hip arthroscopy for femoroacetabular impingement syndrome, by assessing the number of visits and use of exercise. A secondary objective was to evaluate whether comorbidities prior to surgery were associated with the use of physical therapy. METHODS: In this retrospective observational cohort study, eligible participants between the ages of 18 and 50 years undergoing hip arthroscopy between 2004 and 2013 in the Military Health System were included. Patients were categorized based on whether they saw a physical therapist for their hip in the year prior to surgery. For physical therapy patients, dosing variables were identified, including total number of visits and visits that included an exercise therapy procedure code. RESULTS: Of 1870 participants, 1106 (59.1%) did not see a physical therapist for their hip prior to surgery. For those who did, the median number of visits was 2. Only 220 (11.8%) had 6 or more unique visits with an exercise therapy procedure code. Exercise was coded in 43.4% to 63.0% of the total visits in each individual course of care (mean, 52.3%). There was an association between substance abuse and exercise utilization. No other comorbidities were associated with physical therapy or exercise therapy utilization. CONCLUSION: Physical therapy was not commonly used before undergoing arthroscopic hip surgery by patients seeking care in the Military Health System. Further research is needed to understand the reasons for poor utilization and better define failed nonoperative management. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapy, level 2b. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2019;49(8):593-600. Epub 15 May 2019. doi:10.2519/jospt.2019.8581.
Young, JL; Wright, AA; Rhon, DI
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