Health- and vision-related quality of life among patients with choroidal neovascularization secondary to age-related macular degeneration at enrollment in randomized trials of submacular surgery: SST report no. 4.

Published

Journal Article

PURPOSE: To describe the effect of subfoveal choroidal neovascularization (CNV) from age-related macular degeneration (AMD) on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of patients at enrollment in two randomized clinical trials; to examine the relation of visual acuity to HRQOL; to compare HRQOL scores between participants with unilateral and bilateral CNV independent of other characteristics. DESIGN: Randomized clinical trials. METHODS: Two Submacular Surgery Trials (SST) recruited patients with AMD and either new subfoveal CNV (Group N Trial) or predominantly hemorrhagic CNV (Group B Trial). Health-related quality of life interviews included the National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire [NEI-VFQ], the SF-36 Health Survey, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale [HADS]. Linear correlation and regression analyses were used to relate baseline HRQOL scores to visual acuity and bilateral disease. RESULTS: Interview data were analyzed for 789 AMD patients: 454 patients in the Group N Trial and 335 patients in the Group B Trial. Participants reported poor vision-related functioning in many domains measured by the NEI-VFQ (mean overall scores of 65 for Group N and 63 for Group B). Visual acuity of the better eye was strongly associated with NEI-VFQ scores but not with SF-36 or HADS scores. After adjusting for visual acuity of the better eye and other factors, bilateral cases had NEI-VFQ overall scores six points lower than unilateral cases in Group N Trial and 10 points lower than unilateral cases in the Group B Trial. CONCLUSIONS: Subfoveal CNV profoundly affects vision-related quality of life. The effect is more pronounced with bilateral disease, even after controlling for visual acuity.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Dong, LM; Childs, AL; Mangione, CM; Bass, EB; Bressler, NM; Hawkins, BS; Marsh, MJ; Miskala, P; Jaffee, HA; McCaffrey, LA; Submacular Surgery Trials Research Group,

Published Date

  • July 1, 2004

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 138 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 91 - 108

PubMed ID

  • 15234287

Pubmed Central ID

  • 15234287

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0002-9394

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.ajo.2004.02.011

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States