Aging-aware Lifetime Enhancement for Memristor-based Neuromorphic Computing
© 2019 EDAA. Memristor-based crossbars have been applied successfully to accelerate vector-matrix computations in deep neural networks. During the training process of neural networks, the conductances of the memristors in the crossbars must be updated repetitively. However, memristors can only be programmed reliably for a given number of times. Afterwards, the working ranges of the memristors deviate from the fresh state. As a result, the weights of the corresponding neural networks cannot be implemented correctly and the classification accuracy drops significantly. This phenomenon is called aging, and it limits the lifetime of memristor-based crossbars. In this paper, we propose a co-optimization framework combining software training and hardware mapping to reduce the aging effect. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed framework can extend the lifetime of such crossbars up to 11 times, while the expected accuracy of classification is maintained.
Zhang, S; Zhang, GL; Li, B; Li, HH; Schlichtmann, U
Proceedings of the 2019 Design, Automation and Test in Europe Conference and Exhibition, Date 2019
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International Standard Book Number 13 (ISBN-13)
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