A behavioral cancer pain intervention: A randomized noninferiority trial comparing in-person with videoconference delivery.
OBJECTIVE: Behavioral cancer pain interventions are efficacious for improving important pain outcomes; yet, traditional in-person delivery limits patient access. This study compared videoconference-delivered mobile health pain coping skills training (mPCST) to in-person pain coping skills training (PCST-traditional). METHODS: This study was a randomized, noninferiority trial with cancer patients. Participants (N = 178) were randomly assigned to four, 45-minute sessions of mPCST or PCST-traditional. Session content focused on evidence-based cognitive and behavioral pain management skills. Assessments were completed at baseline, posttreatment, and 3-month posttreatment, and included measures of primary intervention outcomes (ie, pain severity and pain interference) and secondary intervention outcomes (ie, physical symptoms, psychological distress, physical well-being, and self-efficacy). The main study aim tested whether mPCST was more accessible (defined as feasibility, acceptability, patient burden, and engagement) than PCST-traditional. The second aim tested whether mPCST was noninferior to PCST-traditional. RESULTS: mPCST demonstrated significantly greater feasibility (ie, attrition, adherence, and time to completion) than PCST-traditional. Both groups reported similar patient burden and engagement as well as a high degree of acceptability. All intervention outcomes demonstrated noninferiority at posttreatment and, with the exception of physical symptoms, 3-month posttreatment. Concerning the primary intervention outcomes, 95% CIs for the mean differences (d) were below the noninferiority margin of 1 for pain severity (posttreatment d = 0.09, 95% CI, -0.63-0.81; 3 months d = -0.43 95% CI, -1.22-0.36) and pain interference (posttreatment d = -0.11, 95% CI, -0.99-0.76; 3 months d = -0.26 95% CI, -1.14-0.62). CONCLUSION: mPCST is highly accessible and noninferior to PCST-traditional.
Kelleher, SA; Winger, JG; Dorfman, CS; Ingle, KK; Moskovich, AA; Abernethy, AP; Keefe, FJ; Samsa, GP; Kimmick, GG; Somers, TJ
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