Anaesthesia for stroke thrombectomy: technical considerations based on outcome evidence.
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Stroke is the second leading cause of death and the third leading cause of disability worldwide. Treatment is time limited and delays cost lives. This review discusses modern stroke management, during a time when treatments and guidelines are rapidly evolving. RECENT FINDINGS: Stroke thrombectomy has become the therapy of choice for large vessel occlusion (LVO) strokes. Perfusion imaging techniques, both computed tomography (CT) and MRI, now allow treatment beyond a set time window in specific patients. Both general anaesthesia and conscious sedation are options for patients undergoing stroke thrombectomy. SUMMARY: An individualized approach to the patient's anaesthetic management is optimal, and depends on close communication with the neurointerventionalist regarding patient and procedure-specific variables. No specific anaesthetic agent is preferred. Guiding principles are minimization of time delay, and maintenance of cerebral perfusion pressure.
Nelson, S; Nguyen, H; McDonagh, DL
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