Prognostic significance of primary tumor sidedness in patients undergoing liver resection for metastatic colorectal cancer.
BACKGROUND: Approximately 38% of patients with colorectal cancer will develop isolated liver metastases. Sidedness of colon tumor is identified in non-metastatic and unresected metastatic cancers as predictive of survival, yet its dedicated analysis in resected liver metastases is minimal. Our primary aim was to assess whether left-sided primary tumors improve prognosis in stage IV cancer patients undergoing curative-intent liver metastasectomy; it was hypothesized that it would. METHODS: This is a retrospective, observational cohort study from 1996 to 2016 in a single tertiary-care facility. Survival from diagnosis was calculated via Kaplan-Meier method and compared between the right and left sides via log-rank analysis. RESULTS: Median survival differs significantly between colorectal tumors of the right and left origins after hepatic metastasectomy in 612 patients. In patients with right-sided tumors, median survival from diagnosis was 4.5 years (IQR 4.1-5.3), and 6.3 years (IQR 5.6-6.9) in those with left tumors (HR 1.5, 95% CI 1.38-1.60, p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: As in studies on earlier-stage or unresected metastatic disease, tumor sidedness is an important prognostic factor in patient survival with liver metastasectomy. Clinical risk scores should include side of primary tumor. Further work is needed to determine the molecular basis for this difference.
Elizabeth McCracken, EK; Samsa, GP; Fisher, DA; Farrow, NE; Landa, K; Shah, KN; Blazer, DG; Zani, S
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